"The Lost City of Etzanoa" by Donald Blakeslee, PhD, Wichita State University.
In 1601, Spanish conquistador Juan de Onate and 70 soldiers were searching the Plains for gold and converts to Catholicism. At the confluence of the Arkansas and Walnut Rivers, near present day Arkansas City, Kansas, and the Oklahoma border, they encountered an Indian city, which they called "Etzanoa." They described it as at least five miles long with 2000 beehive-shaped grass lodges that could hold 8-10 people each, or as many as 20,000 people, apparently ancestors of the Wichita Nation. This would be second in size only to Greater Cahokia. Its location was lost but in recent years, new translations of the Spanish documents provided better descriptions of the location, and this led Dr. Blakeslee to look at the area around Arkansas City. His recent excavations, research, and artifacts recovered, seem to confirm that he has relocated Etzanoa.
Join us for his lecture in the Auditorium at the Interpretive Center of Cahokia Mounds. This is a free event, brought to you by the the State Historic Site and funded by the Cahokia Mounds Museum Society.